moss valley explorer map

The Gate Inn at Troway is set right in the heart of the beautiful Moss Valley.

The information below is reproduced by courtesy of Derbyshire County Council 'The 3 Valleys Project - Moss - Drone - Rother - 2001'


Some Information on the natural history of the Moss Valley



A string of ancient woodlands line the valley, which are home to many birds such as jays and great spotted woodpeckers. People once cut or 'coppicied' wood extensively here for large scale charcoal production. Prior to the use of coke, charcoal was the main fuel used in the iron smelting industry for firing local furnaces.

'Coppicing' or cutting trees back to their stumps to regrow, increasing the amount of light in the woodlands, enhancing their botanical richness. Traditional management maintains woodland flora, such as bluebells, which carpet the woods in spring. In May and June a strong smell of garlic is given off by the white carpet of ramsons, or 'stinking nannies' as they are known locally, which grow abundently in shady places.

In autumn look out for the fungi on dead or decaying wood. A foul putrid odour will indicate the presence of the 'stinkhorn' fungus.


The River Moss, also referred to as Moss Brook, rises in the high ground south of Norton at a height of 630 feet (approximately 200 meters). The river flows eastwards through the valley and enters the river Rother north east of Eckington. It is rich in wildlife, including trout.

The damp banks of the River Moss are home to many moisture loving plants, such as marsh marigold and willow, and provide a home for the nationally rare water vole. Sadly, their numbers have declined in recent years. Listen carefully for their distinctive 'plop' as they drop into the water.


There are remnants of old hay meadows in the valley. Some of these are now designated as Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI). Wild flowers, such as meadow vetchling and yellow rattle, can be found here. They provide a good source of nectar for moths and butterflies. Over two hundred varieties of moths and butterflies have been recorded in the Moss Valley.



The Gate Inn, Troway, North East Derbyshire, S21 5RU.   t: 01246 413 280